የአቶ ለማ ጉያ ዜና እረፍት የውርስና ቅርስ ማህበረሰብ ቦርድ እንዳሳዘነው ገለጸ

የኢትዮጵያ ውርስና ቅርስ ማህበረሰብ በሰሜን አሜሪካ ቦርድ፤ ሕዳር ሰባት ቀን ባደረገው የቦርድ ልዩ ስብሰባ ላይ የአቶ ለማ ጉያን ዜና እረፍት ተወያይቶ በእረፍታቸው ጥልቅ ሀዘን የተሰማው መሆኑን ገልጽዋል። በማስከተልም ለቤተሰቦቻቸው፤ ለዘመድና ወዳጆቻችው ፈጣሪ ለዚህ አሳዛኝ ጊዜ ብርታቱን እንዲሰጣችው ተመኝቱዋል።
ታዋቂ ሥራዎቻችውን ለማስታዎስ ያሀል እነዚህን የመልከቱ፤

የመቶ ሃያ አምስተኛውን (125ኛ) የአድዋ ድል በዓል በተለየ ሁኔታ ለማክበር ዝግጅት ጀምረናል።

የ125ኛው የአድዋ ድል በዓልን እጅግ በደመቀና ባመረ፤ ከበፊቶቹ ዝግጅቶቻችን ሁሉ በላቀ ሁኔታ ለማክበር አቅደን የነበረ ቢሆንም፤ በኮቪድ 19 ወረረሽኝ ምክያት በአዳራሽ ውስጥ ዝግጅቶቻችንን ማካሄድ እንደማይቻል ስለተገለጸልን በእጅጉ አዝነናል። ሆኖም ቴክኖሎጅ በፈቀደው መንገድ በርቀት (virtually) ተሳትፎ ለማካሄድ ዝግጅቶችን ጀምረናል። ስለአከባበራችንና ታዳሚዎች ስለሚሳተፉበት ሁኔታ ዝርዝር መረጃ በዚህ ድረገጻችንና በሌሎች ዜና ማሳራጫዎች ላይ በቅርቡ እናሳውቃለን። ጥያቄ ካላችሁ ለድርጅቱ የህዝብ ግንኙነት ኃላፊ ለሆኑት ለአቶ ለይኩን ካሣሁን በኢሜል PR@EHSNA.Org በስልክ 717፟፟፟-574፟-1183 ወይም ለድርጅቱ ፕሬዝዳንት ለአቶ ተስፋዬ አምበርብር president@EHSNA.org ወይም በስልክ 703-718-6809 ማግኘት ይችላሉ።

ከሰላምታ ጋር

ተስፋዬ አምበርብር
ፕሬዘዳንት

የመቶ ሃያ አምስተኛውን የአድዋ ድል በዓል በተለየ ሁኔታ እንደሚከበር መሀበሩ ዝግጅት ላይ መሆኑ ታወቀ።

የ125ኛዉ የአድዋ ድል በዓል በአማራጭ ዜና ማሰራጫ ሊከበር ነው። ለዚህ ዝግጅት ጽሁፍ አቅራቢዎችን ለመጋበዝ የመሀበሩ ቦርድ አባላት ዝግጅት ላይ መሆናቸውም ይገመታል። ይህ ታላቅ የጥቁር ሕዝቦች ድል በወቅቱ የኮሮና ተስቦ በሽታ ምክንያት እንደታሰበው በከፍተኛ ሁኔታ በምልዓተ ሕዝብ ማክበር ባይቻልም፤ በአማራጭ ዜና አገልግሎት በዓሉን ማክበር አስፈላጊ መሆኑን የመሀበሩ አመራር አባላት እየተነጋገሩበት መሆኑም ታውቁዋል።

በአገራችን በዘርና በሀይማኖት ላይ ያተኮረና የሕዝብ ውርስና ቅርስ ላይ የደረስውን ጥፋት በተመለከተ የተሰጠ መግለጫ

EHSNA press release 9-19-2020

ETHIOPIAN HERITAGE
SOCIETY IN NORTH AMERICA
የኢትዮጵያ ውርስና ቅርስ ማኅበር በሰሜን አሜሪካ
1317 Orren Street NE, Washington, DC 20002
president@ehsna.org
pr@ehsna.org
703-718-6809
መስከረም 9 ቀን 2013 ዓ.ም.
(September 19, 2020)

ጉዳዩ፤ ኢትዮጵያ ውስጥ አየተፈጸመ ስላለው ጀኖሳይድና የንብረት ውድመት አፋጣኝ መፍትሔ እንዲፈለግለት ስለማሳሰብ

የኢትዮጵያ ውርስና ቅርስ ማኅበር በሰሜን አሜሪካ (ኢ.ው.ቅ.ማ.ሰ.አ.) ጥር 2003 ዓ.ም. ከተቋቋመበት ጊዜ ጀምሮ የቀደሙ አባቶቻችንና እናቶቻችን ያወረሱንን ታሪክ፣ ትውፊትና ቅርስ ከትውልድ ወደ ትውልድ እንዲተላለፍና ተተኪው ትውልድ በአገራችን ባሕልና ወግ እንዲታነጽ በማድረግ በኩል ከፍተኛ ጥረት በማድረግ ላይ ይገኛል። ኢትዮጵያ ሉዓላዊነቷና አንድነቷ የተጠበቀ አንዲሁም ዜጎቿ በሰላም የሚኖሩባት አገር እንድትሆን የኢ.ው.ቅ.ማ.ሰ.አ. ጽኑ ምኞት አለው። ድርጅቱ ከኢትዮጵያ አኩሪ ታሪክ ውስጥ ግምባር ቀደም የሆነውን የአድዋ ድል በማስመልከት የታሪክ ምሁራንን፣ ተመራማሪዎችንና ታዋቂ ግለሰቦችን በመጋበዝ ለረዥም ዓመታት ውጤታማ ዝግጅቶችን አካሂዷል። ከዚህም በተጨማሪ በሜሪላንድ ክፍለ ሀገር ውስጥ በሚገኘው የሞንትጎመሪ አውራጃ ውስጥ የአድዋ ድል በአዋጅ እንዲዘክርና እንዲታሰብ አስደርጓል። ድርጅታችን እንደ አንድ ኢትዮጵያዊ ተቋም የህዝብን ሰላምና ደህንነት የሚመለከቱ ጉዳዮችን ይከታተላል። በዚህም መሠረት ካለፉት ሁለት ዓመታት ተኩል አንስቶ በተለየ ሁኔታ በበርካታ የአገሪቷ ክፍሎች ውስጥ እየደረሰ ያለው ማንነትንና ሐይማኖትን መሠረት ያደረገ ጥቃት በእጅጉ አሳዝኖናል አስቆጥቶናልም። የተሳሳተ የፖለቲካ አስተሳሰብ የወለደው የጭካኔ ድርጊት የዜጎች ፍጅትን፣ ንብረት ውድመትን፣ ዘረፋን፣ የአብያተ ክርስትያናትን መቃጠል በማስከተሉ በእጅጉ አሳዝኖናል፣ አስቆጥቶናልም። ክርስቲያንና ሙስሊም ተከባብሮና ተፋቅሮ በሚኖርባት አገር ውስጥ በማናቸውም ቤተ እምነት ላይ የሚደርስ ጥቃት እጅግ ከባድ ወንጀል በመሆኑ በዝምታ መታለፍ እንደሌለበት እናምናለን።

ኢትዮጵያዊያን በፈለጉትና በመረጡት ቦታ የመኖርና የመሥራት ህጋዊ መብታቸው ተጥሶ ለስደተኞች ሊደረግላቸው የሚገባ ሰብዓዊ እንክብካቤ አንኳ ተነፍጓቸው፤ አያት ቅድመ አያቶቻቸው ተወልደው ባደጉበትና እትብታቸው በተቀበረበት ቦታ እጅግ በሚሰቀጥጥ ሁኔታ አማራና የኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተክርስቲያን ተከታይ በመሆናቸው ብቻ ተለይተው ሲታረዱና አካላቸው ሲቆራረጥ፣ አይናቸው ተጎልጉሎ ሲወጣ፣ እርጉዝ ሴቶች ማህጸናቸው በጩቤ ተዘርግፎ ጽንሳቸው ሲጨነግፍና አስከሬናቸው ተቆራርጦ ሲጣል ከመመልከት የከፋ መከራ በዚህ ዓለም ላይ ይመጣል ብሎ ማሰብ አይቻልም። ይህ ታይቶም ተሰምቶም የማያውቅ ዘግናኝ ድርጊት አገራችን ውስጥ በመፈዘሙ ከልብ አዝነናል። ይህ ሁሉ ጭፍጨፋና ውድመት ሲካሄድ የመንግሥት አካላት የሆኑት መከላከያ ሠራዊት፣ ፖሊሶችና “ልዩ ኃይሎች” እንዲሁም የአስተዳደር ሠራተኞች፣ እልቂቱን ማስቆምና የዜጎችን ህይወት መታደግ ሲገባቸው የጥፋቱ ተባባሪ ሆነው መገኘታቸውን የሚያሳዩ ማስረጃዎች ተለቀዋል። የአማራ ብሔረሰብ አባላትና የኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ክርስትና ተከታዮች ስም ዝርዝርና የሚኖሩበት የቤት ቁጥር ተለይቶ ቤታቸው ውስጥ እያሉ በመንግስት እይታ ሥር እንዲጨፈጨፉ ተደርገዋል። ግድያው የተፈጸመው ቤታቸው ውስጥ መሆኑ ግድያው በዕቅድ የተመራና የአካባቢው ሹመኞች እጅ እንዳለበት የሚያረጋግጥ ነው። በተግባር ከደረሰው አኳያ በጥቂቱ ጠቀስነው እንጅ ዘርና ሐይማኖት ላይ ያተኮረ እጅግ የሚዘገንና የሚሰቀጥጥ የጭካኔና የጥላቻ ድርጊት ተፈጽሟል።

በኢትዮጵያ የወንጀለኞች መቅጫ ሕግና በዓለም ዓቀፍ የሰብዓዊ መብት ጥበቃ ድንጋጌዎች መሠረት እየደረሰ ላላው የዘር ማጥፋት (ጀኖሳይድ) አፋጣኝ መፍትሔ እንዲፈለግለት እንጠይቃለን። መንግሥት ከፈለገ ሮጦ የመድረስ አቅሙ እንደ አውሎ ነፋስ ፈጣን መሆኑን በሶማሌ ክልል፣ በአማራ ክልልና በቅርቡም በዎላይታ ዞን ከተወሰዱት እርምጃዎች ለመረዳት ይቻላል። ሆኖም በቡራዩ፣ በሻሸመኔ፣ ኮፈሌ፣ ዝዋይ፣ በባሌ፣ዶዶላ፣ሀረር፣ድሬዳዋ፣ መተከልና ሌሎችም ቦታዎች ይህ ፍጥነት አለመታየቱ ያሳዝናል። ይዋል ይደር ሊባል የማይገባውና አሁኑኑ ሥራ ላይ መዋል ያለበት ኦሮሚያና ሌሎች ክልሎች ውስጥ በአማራዎችና በኦርቶዶክስ ቤተክርስቲያን ተከታዮች ላይ ጀኖሳይድ የሚፈጽመውን እጅግ አነስተኛ ቁጥር ያለውን ወንጀለኛ የቄሮ መንጋ በቁጥጥር ስር አውሎ ለፍርድ ማቅረብ ነው። የዘር ማጥፋት (ጀኖሳይድ) የማስቆምና ወንጀለኞችን ለፍርድ የማቅረብ እንዲሁም የአገሪቷን ሰላምና ደህንነት የማስጠበቅ ኃላፊነትን መንግሥት በአፋጣኝ እንዲወጣ እያሳሰብን፤ የኢትዮጵያ ውርስና ቅርስ ማህበር እንደ አንድ ተቆርቋሪና ጉዳዩ እንደሚመለከተው ተቋም ከዚህ በታች የሚከተሉትን ማሳሰቢያዎች ያቀርባል፤

1. የወንጀል ድርጊትን መደበቅ የህዝብን አመኔታ ሰለሚያጠፋ ቡራዩ፣ ሻሸመኔ፣ ኮፈሌ፣ ዝዋይ፣ ባሌ፣ዶዶላ፣ ሀረር፣ ድሬዳዋ፣ መተከልና ሌሎችም ቦታዎች ውስጥ የተፈጸመው ተራ ወንጀል ሳይሆን የዘር ማጥፋት (ጀኖሳይድ) ስለሆነ በትክክለኛው የወንጀሉ ስም ጀኖሳይድ ወይም የዘር ማጥፋት ተብሎ አንዲገለጽ እንጠይቃለን።

2. በአገር ውስጥም ሆነ በውጭ አገራት በሚገኙ በዜና ማሰራጫዎችና በማህበራዊ መገናኛዎች ላይ የጥላቻና “የግደለውና የእረደው” አዋጅ አውጀው፣ የጥቂት ወጣቶችን አዕምሮ በጥላቻ መርዘው ጀኖሳይድ ያደረሱ ቡድኖች፣ ግለሰቦች፣ ድጋፍ ሰጪዎችና እንዲሁም ሆን ብለው የጥፋቱን ሀሳብ ያፈለቁና የተባበሯቸው የመንግሥት አካላት ሁሉ ማንነታቸው ተጣርቶ ለፍርድ ማቅረብ የመንግስት ኃላፊነትና የስራ ድርሻ መሆኑን ለማስገንዘብ እንወዳለን።

3. የቤተሰብ አባላት ለተገደሉባቸውና ለተፈናቀሉ ወገኖች እንዲሁም ቤታቸው፣ ሱቃቸው፣ መኪናቸው፣ መጋዘናቸውና ልዩ ልዩ ዓይነት ንብረቶቻቸው ለወደመባቸውና ለተዘረፋባቸው ዜጎች በአስቸኳይ ካሳ የመስጠትና ሕይወታቸው እንደገና እንዲቀጥል የማድረግ ኃላፊነት የመንግሥት መሆኑን ለማስገንዘብ እንወዳለን።

4. በተደራጀ የመንጋ ጥቃት የፈረሱ ሃውልቶች ተመልሰው የነበሩበት ቦታ ላይ እንዲተከሉ አንዲሁም የተቃጠሉና የፈረሱ ቤተክርስቲያኖች፣ መስጊዶችና ሌሎችም የማህበረተሰብ መገልገያዎች ተመልሰው እንዲገነቡ እየጠየቅን በዚህም የመልሶ መገንባት ሥራ ድርጅታችንም ሆነ ሕዝብ ተሳታፊ እንዲሆን እድሉ እንዲመቻች እንጠይቃለን።

5. ቤተክርስቲያኖች፣ መስጊዶች፣ ሀውልቶች፣ ቅርሶችና የተለያዩ የማሕበረሰብ ንብረቶች ላይ ጥቃትና ዝርፊያ እንዳይደርስ መንግሥት ልዩ ጥበቃ እንዲያደርግ እየጠየቅን ሕዝቡም ቅርሶችንና የማሕበረሰብ መገልገያዎን በመጠበቅና በመንከባከብ ረገድ ከመንግሥት ጋር ተባብሮ መስራት እንዳለበት እናሳስባለን። እኛም ለዚህ ተግባር የበኩላችንን አስተዋጽኦ ለማበርከት ዝግጁ መሆናችንን እንገልጻለን።

6. ከሁሉም በላይ ለዚህ ሁሉ ጥፋት ምንጭ የሆነውን የውሽት የታሪክ ትርክትና በቅጥፈት የተበከለ የፖለቲካ መስመርን ማምከን በተመለከተ መንግሥት ሳያሰልስ ለሁሉም ዜጎች የሚሰጥ የሰውን ልጅ ክብርና የአብሮነትን ጥቅም የሚያስገነዝብ አገር አቀፍ ሰፊ የተሀድሶ ዘመቻ እንዲያደረግ አጠንክረን እንጠይቃለን። መሠረተ ቢስ በሆነ የሀሰት የታሪክ አስተሳሰብና የጥላቻ ፍልስፍና ላይ ተመርዞ ያደገ ወጣት ከማጥፋት አይድንምና አስተሳሰቡን ለማስተካከል መንግስትና ሁሉም የሕብረተሰብ ክፍል የሥራ ድርሻና ኃላፊነት መሆኑን እየጠቆምን እኛም አቅማችን በሚፈቅደው መጠን ለመተባበር ዝግጁ መሆናችንን አንገልጻለን።
እግዚአብሔር ኢትዮጵያንና ሕዝቧን ይጠብቅ!
የኢትዮጵያ ውርስና ቅርስ ማሕበር በሰሜን አሜሪካ

ግልባጭ፣
ለኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጽ/ቤት
ለኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብት ኮሚሽን
ለኢትዮጵያ ኦርቶዶክስ ተዋሕዶ ቤተክርስቲያን መንበረ ፓትርያርክ ጽ/ቤት
ለኢትዮጵያ እስልምና ጉዳዮች ጠቅላይ ምክር ቤት
ለኢትዮጵያ ባሕል ሚኒስቴር
ለኢትዮጵያ ሰብዓዊ መብት ጉባዔ
ለአሜሪካ የውጭ ጉዳይ ሚኒስቴር (ስቴት ዲፓርትመንት)
አፍሪካ ዋች
ጀኖሳይድ ዋች
የአውሮፓ ኮሚሽን
ኢንተርናሽናል ክራይሲስ ግሩፕ
ለአምነሲት ኢንተርናሽናል
ለዓለም አብያተ ክርስቲያናት ጉባኤ (WCC)
ለተባበሩት መንግሥታት ድርጅት የሰብዓዊ መብት ኮሚሽን
ለኢትዮጵያ ኤምባሲ፣ ዋሽንግተን ዲሲ

የ124ኛዉ የአድዋ ድል በዓል በደማቅ ሁኔታ ሊከበር  ነው። -EHSNA

የኢትዮጵያውያን ውርስና ቅርስ ማህበረሰብ በሰሜን አሜሪካ

የ124ኛዉ የአድዋ ድል በዓል በደማቅ ሁኔታ ለማክበር ዝግጅቱን በማጠናቀቅ ላይ መሆኑን ሲያበስር በደስታ ነዉ:: (The 124th Victory of the Battle of Adwa Celebration in Silver Spring)

እጅግ ታላቅና አኩሪ የሆነው የአድዋ ድል በዓላችን በኢትዮጵያውያን ዉርስና ቅርስ ማህበረሰብ በዲስ አካባቢ ሲከበር ለዘጠነኛ ጊዜ ሲሆን በዕለቱ የሚደረግገ ው የአድዋ ድል በዓል በዲሲ ዙሪያ በሚኖሩ የኢትዮጵያውያንና ሌሎች የማህበረሰብ አባላት ፤ የሞንትጎመሪ ካዉንስል አመራሮች ፤ ታዋቂ የክብር እንግዶች በሚገኙበት በንግግር ፤ በስነ ግጥም ፤ በአጭር ተዉኔት  የመሳሰሉትን አዝናኝና አስተማሪ ፕሮግራሞችን በማቅረብ በደማቅ ሁኔታ ይከበራል::

በተለይም በዚህ ዓመት ታዋቂዉ የታሪክ መምህርና ፀሐፊ የሆኑትን አቶ ታዬ ቦጋለ አረጋ ከኢትዮጵያ በመጋበዝ የአድዋ ድል በጥልቀት የሚዳስስ ንግግር ያቀርባሉ። ከዚህም በተጨማሪ ታዋቂዉ የጣይቱ ማዕከል ጋር በመተባበር የዳግማዊ አፄ ምኒልክንና የእቴጌ ጣይቱን  የጦርነቱን የአመራር ስልት የሚያሳይ አጭር ተውኔት ስለሚቀርብ በመዝናናት ታሪክዎን ያድሳሉ ::

ዝግጅቱ የሚደረገው ዳዉንታውን በሚገኘው የሲልቨር ስፕሪንግ የሲቪክ ማዕከል (1 Veterans Place, Silver Spring, MD, 20910) ቅዳሜ፣ የካቲት ፳፩ ቀን ፳፻፲፪ ዓ.ም. (Saturday, February 29, 2020)  ከቀትር 1:00 አንስቶ እስከ 6:00 ፒ. ኤም ባለው ጊዜ ውስጥ ሲሆን የበለጠ መረጃ ለማግኘት በኢሜይል info@ehsna.org  ወይም በስልክ  ቁጥር 615-412-9094 መጠቀም  የሚችሉ ሲሆን በዚሁ ዝግጅት ላይ በመገኘት ታሪክዎንና ባህልዎን እንዲያከብሩ የኢትዮጵያውያን ውርስና ቅርስ ማህበረሰብ ከውዲሁ በአክብሮት ጋብዝዎታል።

 

ኢትዮጵያ ለዘላለም ትኑር!

 

https://youtu.be/oTcRJC8WFu0?t=77

EHSNA to Commemorate the 123rd Anniversary of the Battle of Adwa.

PRESS RELEASE: February 16, 2019

 

EHSNA to Commemorate the 123rd Anniversary of the Battle of Adwa.

 

Ethiopian Heritage Society of North America (EHSNA) will, for the eight consecutive time, commemorate the 123rd Anniversary of the Victory of the Battle of Adwa – regarded as “Ethiopia’s Symbol of Struggle for Freedom”. This anniversary will be celebrated on Sunday, March 3, 2019, from 1:00 – 6:00 pm., at the Silver Spring Civic Center, 1 Veteran Place, Silver Spring, MD 20910. This was a mementos history where a black African nation Ethiopia, for the first time defeated a European white nation. We have invited Dr. Dagnachew Assefa from Ethiopia among and other historians to this event to enlighten the audience on the decisive leadership of Emperor Menelik, nicknamed “The General” by many African leaders, and his right arm Empress Taitu.

 

The famous Ethiopian Artist Alemtsehay Wedajo and the team members of her Ethiopian Taitu Cultural & Educational Center will be there to entertain the audience with drama, music and dance.

 

The Ethiopian Ambassador to the United States Dr. Futsum Arega has been invited as the guest of honor for this year’s Adwa Celebration. Other guests invited include prominent Ethiopians in and around the District of Columbia, local government offices of Washington DC and Montgomery County, MD and elsewhere.

 

This year’s program will also include the historical Ethiopian flag raising program, poem reading, traditional Ethiopian music and dance, drama and more. Since this will be a family oriented program, once again, we encourage our guests to bring the entire family to the event.

 

Entrance fee $20. Free for children 12 and under. 

 

FREE PARKING.

 

EHSNA – Public Relations Committee

The Legacy of the Brown Condor A look into the life of aviation hero Colonel John Charles Robinson – By Phillip Thomas Tucker

Readers today know the traditional story of how the Second World War began, when Adolf Hitler unleashed his German war machine on Poland in September 1939. What seems to have been largely forgotten, however, is the fact that the first chapter of World War II actually took place in Ethiopia: the Italo-Ethiopian War of 1935–1936. Many of the key players who defended Ethiopia against impossible odds have likewise been seemingly lost to history.

As Ethiopian Airlines celebrates its 70th anniversary, however, it feels only fitting to pull back the curtain on one such figure who not only aided Ethiopia in her fight against fascism, but who also set the very foundation for the airline itself: an American aviation visionary named John Charles Robinson.

 

Colonel John C. Robinson — an African American pilot who came to Ethiopia’s aid during its fight against Italy — stands before a Junkers-52 airplane in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION

A dream takes flight
By any measure, John C. Robinson’s life proved not only an American success story but also an Ethiopian success story. He was born in the small Florida town of Carrabelle on Nov. 26, 1905, in the segregated South. Eventually, he moved west with his mother and sister for greater economic and social opportunities, settling in the community of Gulfport, Mississippi. It was here in the heart of the Deep South that Robinson developed an early avid interest in aviation. After watching a barnstorming pilot landing in a field nearby, he began dreaming of one day soaring in the skies himself.

Thanks to his own scholarly inclinations and his nurturing family’s emphasis on the importance of education, the ambitious young man set his sights high. Robinson attended the premier black institution of higher learning at Tuskegee, Alabama, graduating from Tuskegee Institute in May 1923. He then migrated north in search of greater opportunities and to start a new life, ultimately landing in Chicago, Illinois — a primary center for black aviation.

During the late 1920s and especially in the 1930s, Robinson evolved into the dynamic leader of this center for black aviation. First and foremost, he focused his efforts on gaining entry into one of America’s leading aeronautical schools, the prestigious Curtiss-Wright Aeronautical School of Chicago. No African American had previously been allowed into this aviation institution, but Robinson found a way — overcoming insurmountable odds and barriers of prejudice. He entered the school and graduated at the top of his class in May 1931.

By now a proficient flyer, Robinson became an energetic community activist for aviation. He was a powerful advocate of the novel concept that the best way for blacks to demonstrate full equality to whites was to excel in the world’s most technically advanced field, aviation. And so he spent a great deal of his time and energies generating an interest in aviation among a new generation of African Americans, especially among the impoverished youth of Chicago’s south side, “Bronzeville.”

As a mark of his success, Robinson not only recruited but also taught the first black class (including both male and female students) at Curtiss-Wright in the fall of 1931, becoming the first African American aviation instructor in the school’s history. He thus emerged as a leading “race pioneer” in the field of aviation not only in Chicago but all across America. In time, he was destined to become “the No. 1 Flyer of His Race” in America.

To further promote black aviation, he flew in late May 1934 to his alma mater of Tuskegee Institute, hoping to convince the South’s leading black educational institution to offer aviation courses. This, Robinson hoped, would be the first step for blacks to demonstrate a comparable intellectual and technical expertise to whites in hopes of opening the doors to social, political and economic gains amid a discriminatory society. By Robinson’s calculations, Tuskegee Institute was the ideal school for learning to spread the aviation gospel to a new generation of black youth. At age 29, he succeeded in generating interest in aviation at Tuskegee, which came to full blossom through the Tuskegee Airmen fighter pilots of World War II.

Answering Emperor Selassie’s call
But Robinson was not content to just lay ambitious plans for uplifting future generations of African Americans. He wanted to achieve even more in the field of aviation, and he possessed a rather far-sighted vision. He was deeply inspired by the spirit of Pan-Africanism and closely embraced faith in the unity of all black people.

Most of all, Robinson developed a strong affinity and respect for Africa’s only independent black nation, Ethiopia. He closely identified with the increasingly precarious plight of the Ethiopian people, who now confronted the march of fascist Italy.

The crisis was severe and time was of the essence, as Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was about to strike Ethiopia with a modern army bent on conquest.
Consequently, Robinson eagerly answered Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie’s call for western aviation experts and technicians to aid his independent nation by strengthening its fledgling Imperial Ethiopian Air Force. The crisis was severe and time was of the essence, as Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was about to strike Ethiopia with a modern army bent on conquest. And so Robinson volunteered on a special mission to serve Ethiopia, at a time when the United States military provided no such opportunity for blacks to serve in the field of aviation. In this sense, Emperor Selassie was ahead of his time, and Robinson therefore embraced the opportunity to play a leading role in Ethiopia’s defense against fascist aggression.

Though originally from Florida, Robinson ultimately made his home in Chicago, Illinois — famed in the 1920s and ‘30s as the primary center for African American aviation.

He departed Chicago alone with high hopes in early May 1935. After a lengthy voyage, he reached the port of Djibouti, capital of then French Somaliland, from which he journeyed by rail to Addis Ababa. Here in the Ethiopian capital, Robinson gained a key mission: to fulfill Emperor Selassie’s longtime vision of an all-black air force to defend the ancient homeland.

Robinson took delight in teaching the first black class at Chicago’s prestigious Curtiss-Wright School of Aviation.

At this time, the inexperienced Imperial Ethiopian Air Force included many white European aviation technicians and flyers who had volunteered their services. Robinson’s entry into the field, however, represented a giant step toward what the emperor envisioned for his nation’s defense: large numbers of Ethiopian pilots defending their own homeland. Through an interpreter, Robinson immediately began training young Ethiopians in the technical complexities of aviation, especially as pilots, in preparation for war.

In only a few months’ time, as Robinson’s value and leadership abilities became more obvious to the emperor, he gained the rank of colonel in command of the entire Imperial Ethiopian Air Force. At his headquarters on the capital’s outskirts, he worked overtime in training roughly 70 Ethiopian pilots and gaining additional aircraft to strengthen the air force as quickly as possible. Ultimately, Robinson doubled the number of Ethiopian aircraft to a peak of 24, and even modified some planes to drop bombs.

In addition to training, Robinson himself flew as an active pilot — running reconnaissance missions to report on the immense build-up of Italian military might along Ethiopia’s borders. And yet, as so long feared, Mussolini ultimately unleashed his air force, one of Europe’s largest, on Oct. 3, 1935. The historic town of Adowa — the scene of Ethiopia’s great victory over Italy in 1896 — was bombed into submission. Robinson himself narrowly escaped the surprise attack.

After the war’s outbreak, Robinson’s tireless efforts to strengthen Ethiopia’s air force only increased. He occasionally even flew the emperor to the front, and continued to perform repeated reconnaissance missions to keep military leaders informed of Italian troop movements. For his daring service amid Ethiopian skies, including dogfights with Italian aircraft, Robinson earned international renown as the “Brown Condor of Ethiopia.”

More importantly, in symbolic terms, he was the only American (black or white) volunteer to faithfully serve in Ethiopia’s defense from the war’s beginning to its bitter end. He described the heroic struggle of the Ethiopian people against the odds in a rare surviving letter to a friend in America: “I am trying hard to do my best in whatever mission or duty. We are having a hard fight over here with our limited amount of modern equipment, but every Ethiopian man, woman, and child is doing their part.”

And yet, despite the heroism and sacrifice of the Ethiopian people, nothing could stop Italy’s modernized war machine. With Addis Ababa about to fall by the end of April 1936, Robinson received permission from the emperor to depart the capital on one of the last trains out of the panicked city, before it was too late.

Fortunate to have escaped alive, especially after so many close calls in the air and on the ground, Robinson returned to America. Once there, he received a hero’s welcome from major black communities, stretching from New York City’s Harlem to Chicago’s Bronzeville. He resumed his favorite aviation activities at home in Chicago, but Robinson’s heart and mind were never far from the places and people he loved in Ethiopia. He therefore remained committed to fighting fascist imperial expansion, serving the United States Army Air Forces during World War II.

A dream fully realized
In April 1944, after Ethiopia was liberated by the Allies, Robinson returned to Addis Ababa as an aviation instructor with a U.S. Army Air Forces team of African Americans technicians. Once again, Robinson worked toward fulfilling Emperor Selassie’s old vision of a modern Ethiopian Air Force to meet the new challenges of the 20th century and the postwar world.

During this period, Robinson established a pilot training school sponsored by his friend Prince Makonnen Haile Selassie, the emperor’s second son. As part of the Ethiopian Air Training Program, he trained more than 80 Ethiopian aviation cadets to serve in the resurrected Imperial Ethiopian Air Force. By so doing, he also established a core foundation for the future of aviation in Ethiopia — including not only the air force but also Ethiopian Airlines.

Robinson established the first airfield for aspiring African American aviators, whose airstrip he and his students constructed with their own hands.

Indeed, Robinson was a key player behind the postwar establishment of East African Airlines, then Sultan Airways, Ltd., which he organized under the direction of Prince Makonnen. Robinson trained and supervised its pilots — including Air Force veterans — while also serving as its manager. The rise of private commercial aviation in Ethiopia was heralded as far away as Chicago, with the Chicago Defender newspaper boasting of Robinson’s achievement: “Col. Robinson Launches East African Airlines.”

From this first private airline nucleus came Ethiopian Airlines, officially established on Dec. 21, 1945, as a joint aviation between the Ethiopian government and Trans World Airlines. Though historic information is a bit lacking, Robinson almost certainly had a hand in this venture, serving as a natural link between the U.S. and Ethiopia and retaining high-placed connections within the Ethiopian government.

Ethiopian Airlines launched its first commercial operations on April 8, 1946, when a Douglas C-47 Skytrain flew from Addis Ababa to Cairo, Egypt. Several international destinations quickly followed in the years to come, linking Ethiopia with the rest of the world as never before. Indeed, as the first African airline to reach the skies, Ethiopian Airlines marked a most momentous development in the history of aviation.

Today, Ethiopian Airlines is the largest airline in Africa, and it flies to more destinations than any other carrier on the continent. It remains a groundbreaking airline, adding several state-of-the-art fleet each year and presenting a model for successful business and continental progress. On Nov. 24, 2015, in fact, the very first all-female flight crew of Ethiopian women took to the skies in support of female empowerment — an achievement and milestone that almost certainly would have made John C. Robinson proud.

Though Robinson died tragically in an aircraft crash in Ababa Addis in March 1954, the men and women of Ethiopian Airlines have faithfully continued the distinguished aviation legacy he struggled so long and hard to realize during his Ethiopian odyssey. Thanks in much part to Robinson’s efforts, Ethiopia and her people can today look with great pride upon a soaring heritage — and the way forward is only further up.

Phillip Thomas Tucker is an American historian, and the author or editor of 25 books, including Father of the Tuskegee Airmen (published in 2012 by Potomac Books), a biography of John C. Robinson.